非常乔布斯!通篇无废话,全是干货!推荐:当大家都在听《开学第一课》的时候,我建议你听一下乔布斯给斯坦福大学的最后一课

时间 2020-01-06 10:45

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乔布斯斯坦福大学毕业典礼上演讲文字稿内容:

 

我今天很荣幸能和你们一起参加毕业典礼,而且是在这样一所世界顶尖的大学。事实上,我大学都还没毕业,所以这该是我和大学毕业最接近的一次了,今天我只想跟大家分享我人生中的三个故事。

 

 

01

 第一件事,是关于因果关联

 

我在里德大学读了六个月就退学了不过我在学校旁听课程又留了一年半,然后彻底离开我为什么退学呢?就要从我的出生说起来了。我的母亲读研期间未婚先孕有了我,随后她决定让别人收养我,她坚持我未来的养父母是要读过大学的,于是按照她的规则,我将被一对律师夫妇收养,不过当我出生的时候,那对律师夫妇最后时刻改了主意想要个女孩,因此原本在候补名单上的我的养父母,在半夜里接到了一个电话,电话说我们这儿意外有了男孩。

 

你们要吗?他们说,当然要,但我的亲生母亲后来发现。我的养父母没有大学文凭,而我的养父甚至连高中都没毕业起初她拒绝签订收养协议几个月后才退让因为我的养父母承诺一定会让我上大学的,我就这样开始了我的人生。

 

 

 

十七岁那年,我真的上了大学但是我很天真地选择了一个,几乎和斯坦福一样昂贵的大学,我那属于工薪阶层的父母剩下的积蓄,全都用来支付我的大学学费了,6个月来我始终发现不了读大学的价值,我对自己这辈子到底想做什么一无所知,也不觉得大学能帮我发现这个问题的答案而为了让我读大学,我的父母几乎是倾家荡产,所以我决定退学,相信船到桥头自然直,其实当时还是挺吓人的,可回头想想,那的确是我做过的最明智的选择之一,自我退学开始,我就可以不再去上那些无趣的必修课。而去旁听,那些更有意思的课程了,当然也不是真那么浪漫,当时我连宿舍都没有,所以只能在朋友寝室打地铺,我靠收集可乐瓶子,每个5没分来养活自己,每周日晚上,我都步行七公里,到神庙去蹭一顿像样的晚饭,我乐此不疲。

 

 

我那些听从自己的直觉和好奇心,而遇到的事,后来都令人我收获颇丰。举个例子说,那时候里德学院开设了或许是全美最好的书法课,大学里每张海报上,每个抽屉的标签上全都是漂亮的美术字,因为我退学了必去上正规的课程,所以我决定决定去练书法,我学到了有衬线体和无衬线体,懂得了如何把握词间距,以及如何做出漂亮的版式,优雅,沧桑和科学无法描述的那种艺术气息,真是妙不可言,这些东西无论怎么看,都算不上对未来有实际用处,但是十年之后,当我们设计第一台苹果电脑的时候,却全都用上了,全都融入了苹果电脑的设计当中,那是第一台使用艺术字的电脑,如果我当时在大学没有学习这门课程。苹果电脑就不会有这么丰富的字体,和比例匀称的字体,因为微软只知道山寨苹果。那很可能世上所有电脑都不会有那些漂亮字体了。

 

 

要是我没有退学,我就不会选修书法,那么,各种PC也就不会有,如今的精美字体了。当然我当时不可能,预知这一件事之间的“因”和“果”,只有回过头来看,才一目了然,再次强调,没有人可以未卜先知,事事间的“因”“果”往往只在回首时显现,你得相信,“因”和“果”会在未来生活中联系起来,人总要有些信仰才行,直觉也好,命运也罢,因果轮回,不管什么,去相信“因”与“果”的联系,会给你信心去跟从自己的意愿,哪怕离经叛道,也绝不止步,只有这样,才能有所成。

 

 

02

第二个故事,关于兴趣与得失

 

我很幸运,能在年轻时就找到兴趣所在,二十多岁时,能有所获,就在父母的车库里面开创了苹果,我们非常努力,苹果用了10年,从两个穷小子和一个破车库,发展成了拥有四千多名雇员,市值过二十亿的大公司。

 

一年前,我们刚刚发布了我们史上最棒的产品Macintosh,我也刚满三十,然而之后我却被公司炒鱿鱼了,怎么会有人被自己创立的公司炒了呢?在苹果的发展期,我们雇了一个,我当时很看重的人物,和我一起来管理公司,在最初一年中一切都很顺利,但是后来我们对公司的未来发展产生了分歧,最终彻底闹翻了,而此时,董事会站在了他的那一边,我就而立之年被当众扫地出门,突然我人生的重心不见了,这对我是非常沉重的打击,最初的几个月里,我不知所措,觉得自己无颜面对上一辈的企业家们,我没有接好他们交给我的接力棒,我拜访了戴维·帕卡德和鲍勃·诺伊斯。去向他们道歉自己搞砸了,我的惨败,闹得满城风雨,我甚至都想干脆离开硅谷一走了之,但我又渐渐意识到,我对事业的热爱没有变,我的意外出局,并没有动摇我的热爱,虽然被拒绝,但是我心依旧,所以我决定从头再来,我当时没有感觉,但是回头看被苹果炒掉,其实是我人生中最有意义的事,成功的巨大压力改变了新人接受挑战的轻盈,不再受固有思维羁绊,我轻盈地进入了我人生中最具有创造力的时期,在接下来的五年里,我创立了一个名叫NeXT的公司,和一个叫皮克斯的公司,还与一位杰出的女性相知相爱,她后来成为了我的太太,皮克斯后来制作了世上第一个用电脑制作的动画电影,玩具总动员,现在已经是世界上最成功的动画工作室。峰回路转,苹果收购了NeXT,我也回归到了苹果。

 

 

而且正是我们在NxXT研发的技术,带来了苹果的复兴,我还和我的太太组建了美满的家庭,我很肯定,这一切而都要归功于,当年的我被苹果开除的经历,所以说良药苦口利于病。有些时候,生活会给你迎头一击,不要灰心丧气,我坚信,唯一可以让我坚持下去的,就是我对自己事业的热爱,你必须寻找自己所爱,无论是工作,还是爱情,都是如此,工作时是生活中很主要的部分,要真正获得满足感,就必须做你相信有价值的工作,要做有价值的事业,你就必须热爱你做的事业,如果你还没找到,千万不要放弃,要继续寻找,只要倾听你内心的心声,当你真的发现时,你就会感到就像任何伟大的感情关系一样,岁月的更迭只会让这份情愈发深刻,所以千万不要放弃,要继续寻找。

 

 

03

第三个故事:关于死亡

 

十七岁时,我读到过一句话,说:“假如你把每一天都当做最后一天来过,那么总有一天你是对的”。

 

我将这句话铭记于心中,之后的33年中,每天早晨我都会对着镜子问自己,假如今天就是我生命的最后一天,我会做些什么呢?还会这么过吗?如果连续几天我的回答都是“不”,我就知道,我需要改变了,提醒自己的生命有限,令我一生都受益非常,令我能明智地在人生重要问题上做出抉择,因为一切的一切,一切追求,一切荣耀,一切惶恐,一切挫折,在死亡面前,都会显得微不足道,剩下的才是最重要的事情。

 

记住自己总会死去是避免自己被种种担心所羁绊的最好方法,既然将一无所有,还有什么理由违背自己的意愿,大概一年以前,我被诊断出癌症,我早上七点半做了一个检查,很清楚显示,我胰腺上有个肿囊,我当时都不知道胰腺是什么东西,医生告诉我,这是一种绝症,无药可救,也就剩下3到6个月的生命,我的医生劝我出院回家好好料理一下。这是医生表达“你可以等死了”的用语,这也意味着你要跟你的孩子,把你觉得还有十年去说的话在几个月内说完,把一切安排妥当,让你的家庭可以安稳接受,这意味着要跟亲友们逐一告别,这个诊断的阴影笼罩了我一整天。

 

当晚,我做了切片检查,医生将内在窥镜送入我的喉咙,通过胃部,然后进入肠道,用一根针在我的肿瘤上取了些细胞样本,我当时被麻醉了,不过我太太在场,她后来告诉我,当医生用显微镜观察这些细胞时,他们也忍不住哭了,因为他们发现我得的是一种罕见的胰腺癌,是可以通过手术治好的。我做了手术,现在我痊愈了,那是我最接近死亡的一次经历,也希望之后的几十年我能离它远点。

 

 

与死神插肩而过,我可以更坚定地告诉大家,相比当初死亡只是个概念的时候,没人愿意死去,即便是那些想上天堂的人,也不想通过死到达天堂,然而我们每个人都会面对死亡,没人能逃避,而且生命就应该如此,因为死亡就是生命最好的发明,它是生命更迭的媒介,推动世界的“新陈代谢”,现在的你们代表着“新”,但是不久以后,你们也会变成“陈”,被“代谢”掉,抱歉说得有些不近人情,但这是个事实,你们的时间有限的。

 

所以不要浪费在过别人的生活上,不要被教条束缚,那只是根据别人的思维结果而生活,不要让他人喧嚣纷繁,淹没了自己内心的声音,最重要的是,你要有勇气去听从你的直觉和心灵的呼唤。

 

 

其实它们最明白你想成为什么样的人,其他的一切都是次要的。我年轻的时候,有本很好的杂志叫《全球目录》,我们那代人奉之为经典,它是由斯图尔特·布兰德在这附近的Menlo Park创办的,他把自己的文艺气质融汇其中,那是六十年代后期,个人电脑还没有出现,全是用打字机,剪刀,还有宝丽来照相机,他就好比是35年的简装版Gooogle,充满理想主义色彩,该书简洁实用,见解独到,斯图尔特团队出版了几期的《全球目录》。

 

当它后来要停刊的时候,他们出了最后一班版,那是七十年代中期,我就像你们这么大,杂志最后一期的封底上,是一副清晨乡村公路上的照片,就是那种假如你搭车旅行玩冒险,也会遇到的村路,照片下面有这样一段话:“求知若机,虚心若愚”这是他们停刊的告别语,求知若机,虚心若愚,我一直以此激励自己,在你们即将毕业开始崭新旅程的时刻,我也希望你们做到,求知若机,虚心若愚。



英文原文

 

 

    I am honored to be with you today at your commencement from one of the finest universities in the world. I never graduated from college. Truth be told, this is the closest I've ever gotten to a college graduation. Today I want to tell you three stories from my life. That's it. No big deal. Just three stories.

The first story is about connecting the dots.

     I dropped out of Reed College after the first 6 months, but then stayed around as a drop-in for another 18 months or so before I really quit. So why did I drop out?

 

    It started before I was born. My biological mother was a young, unwed college graduate student, and she decided to put me up for adoption. She felt very strongly that I should be adopted by college graduates, so everything was all set for me to be adopted at birth by a lawyer and his wife. Except that when I popped out they decided at the last minute that they really wanted a girl. So my parents, who were on a waiting list, got a call in the middle of the night asking: "We have an unexpected baby boy; do you want him?" They said: "Of course." My biological mother later found out that my mother had never graduated from college and that my father had never graduated from high school. She refused to sign the final adoption papers. She only relented a few months later when my parents promised that I would someday go to college.

And 17 years later I did go to college. But I naively chose a college that was almost as expensive as Stanford, and all of my working-class parents' savings were being spent on my college tuition. After six months, I couldn't see the value in it. I had no idea what I wanted to do with my life and no idea how college was going to help me figure it out. And here I was spending all of the money my parents had saved their entire life. So I decided to drop out and trust that it would all work out OK. It was pretty scary at the time, but looking back it was one of the best decisions I ever made. The minute I dropped out I could stop taking the required classes that didn't interest me, and begin dropping in on the ones that looked interesting.

 

   It wasn't all romantic. I didn't have a dorm room, so I slept on the floor in friends' rooms, I returned coke bottles for the 5¢ deposits to buy food with, and I would walk the 7 miles across town every Sunday night to get one good meal a week at the Hare Krishna temple. I loved it. And much of what I stumbled into by following my curiosity and intuition turned out to be priceless later on. Let me give you one example:

    Reed College at that time offered perhaps the best calligraphy instruction in the country. Throughout the campus every poster, every label on every drawer, was beautifully hand calligraphed. Because I had dropped out and didn't have to take the normal classes, I decided to take a calligraphy class to learn how to do this. I learned about serif and san serif typefaces, about varying the amount of space between different letter combinations, about what makes great typography great. It was beautiful, historical, artistically subtle in a way that science can't capture, and I found it fascinating.

 

   None of this had even a hope of any practical application in my life. But ten years later, when we were designing the first Macintosh computer, it all came back to me. And we designed it all into the Mac. It was the first computer with beautiful typography. If I had never dropped in on that single course in college, the Mac would have never had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts. And since Windows just copied the Mac, its likely that no personal computer would have them. If I had never dropped out, I would have never dropped in on this calligraphy class, and personal computers might not have the wonderful typography that they do. Of course it was impossible to connect the dots looking forward when I was in college. But it was very, very clear looking backwards ten years later.

 

    Again, you can't connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect them looking backwards. So you have to trust that the dots will somehow connect in your future. You have to trust in something — your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever. This approach has never let me down, and it has made all the difference in my life.

   My second story is about love and loss.

    I was lucky — I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz and I started Apple in my parents garage when I was 20. We worked hard, and in 10 years Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a $2 billion company with over 4000 employees. We had just released our finest creation — the Macintosh — a year earlier, and I had just turned 30. And then I got fired. How can you get fired from a company you started? Well, as Apple grew we hired someone who I thought was very talented to run the company with me, and for the first year or so things went well. But then our visions of the future began to diverge and eventually we had a falling out. When we did, our Board of    

Directors sided with him. So at 30 I was out. And very publicly out. What had been the focus of my entire adult life was gone, and it was devastating.

 

    I really didn't know what to do for a few months. I felt that I had let the previous generation of entrepreneurs down - that I had dropped the baton as it was being passed to me. I met with David Packard and Bob Noyce and tried to apologize for screwing up so badly. I was a very public failure, and I even thought about running away from the valley. But something slowly began to dawn on me — I still loved what I did. The turn of events at Apple had not changed that one bit. I had been rejected, but I was still in love. And so I decided to start over.

   I didn't see it then, but it turned out that getting fired from Apple was the best thing that could have ever happened to me. The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again, less sure about everything. It freed me to enter one of the most creative periods of my life.

 

   During the next five years, I started a company named NeXT, another company named Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would become my wife. Pixar went on to create the worlds first computer animated feature film, Toy Story, and is now the most successful animation studio in the world. In a remarkable turn of events, Apple bought NeXT, I returned to Apple, and the technology we developed at NeXT is at the heart of Apple's current renaissance. And Laurene and I have a wonderful family together.

    I'm pretty sure none of this would have happened if I hadn't been fired from Apple. It was awful tasting medicine, but I guess the patient needed it.    

     Sometimes life hits you in the head with a brick. Don't lose faith. I'm convinced that the only thing that kept me going was that I loved what I did. You've got to find what you love. And that is as true for your work as it is for your lovers. Your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven't found it yet, keep looking. Don't settle. As with all matters of the heart, you'll know when you find it. And, like any great relationship, it just gets better and better as the years roll on. So keep looking until you find it. Don't settle.

 

    My third story is about death.

   When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: "If you live each day as if it was your last, someday you'll most certainly be right." It made an impression on me, and since then, for the past 33 years, I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: "If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today?" And whenever the answer has been "No" for too many days in a row, I know I need to change something.

Remembering that I'll be dead soon is the most important tool I've ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost everything — all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure - these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to follow your heart.

 

   About a year ago I was diagnosed with cancer. I had a scan at 7:30 in the morning, and it clearly showed a tumor on my pancreas. I didn't even know what a pancreas was. The doctors told me this was almost certainly a type of cancer that is incurable, and that I should expect to live no longer than three to six months. My doctor advised me to go home and get my affairs in order, which is doctor's code for prepare to die. It means to try to tell your kids everything you thought you'd have the next 10 years to tell them in just a few months. It means to make sure everything is buttoned up so that it will be as easy as possible for your family. It means to say your goodbyes.

    I lived with that diagnosis all day. Later that evening I had a biopsy, where they stuck an endoscope down my throat, through my stomach and into my intestines, put a needle into my pancreas and got a few cells from the tumor. I was sedated, but my wife, who was there, told me that when they viewed the cells under a microscope the doctors started crying because it turned out to be a very rare form of pancreatic cancer that is curable with surgery. I had the surgery and I'm fine now.

 

   This was the closest I've been to facing death, and I hope its the closest I get for a few more decades. Having lived through it, I can now say this to you with a bit more certainty than when death was a useful but purely intellectual concept:

    No one wants to die. Even people who want to go to heaven don't want to die to get there. And yet death is the destination we all share. No one has ever escaped it. And that is as it should be, because Death is very likely the single best invention of Life. It is Life's change agent. It clears out the old to make way for the new. Right now the new is you, but someday not too long from now, you will gradually become the old and be cleared away. Sorry to be so dramatic, but it is quite true.

   Your time is limited, so don't waste it living someone else's life. Don't be trapped by dogma — which is living with the results of other people's thinking. Don't let the noise of others' opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.

 

    When I was young, there was an amazing publication called The Whole Earth Catalog, which was one of the bibles of my generation. It was created by a fellow named Stewart Brand not far from here in Menlo Park, and he brought it to life with his poetic touch. This was in the late 1960's, before personal computers and desktop publishing, so it was all made with typewriters, scissors, and polaroid cameras. It was sort of like Google in paperback form, 35 years before Google came along: it was idealistic, and overflowing with neat tools and great notions.

    Stewart and his team put out several issues of The Whole Earth Catalog, and then when it had run its course, they put out a final issue. It was the mid-1970s, and I was your age. On the back cover of their final issue was a photograph of an early morning country road, the kind you might find yourself hitchhiking on if you were so adventurous. Beneath it were the words: "Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish." It was their farewell message as they signed off. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. And I have always wished that for myself. And now, as you graduate to begin anew, I wish that for you.

    Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.

    Thank you all very much.